How Does Disinfect Work?

16th November 2021

Germs and bacteria can be found everywhere - from the air we breathe to the ground we walk on, and the surfaces we touch. But not all germs are bad. Research has shown that probiotic bacteria has restorative properties and can aid gut health. However, some bacteria are harmful and can spread disease.

For example, in 1918 a strain of H1N1 influenza A virus was transmitted through airborne respiratory droplets that travelled through the air and landed on surfaces. This caused the 1918 influenza pandemic that killed 50 million people worldwide.

How to prevent germs spreading

Throughout history, we’ve experienced countless pandemics, epidemics and endemics, and since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic in 2019, there has been a significant shift in hygiene practices.

Hundreds of businesses have introduced even more hygiene measures in a bid to stop the spread of contagious disease and respiratory illness, keeping customers and colleagues safe.

Disinfecting, cleaning and sanitising plays a crucial role in keeping offices, hospitals, schools and many other workplaces clean and free from harmful germs

What is the difference between cleaning, sanitising and disinfecting?

Contrary to popular belief, disinfecting, cleaning and sanitising are not the same.

  • Cleaning removes dirt and debris from objects and surfaces. Soaps, detergents and water are often used and may not necessarily kill these germs.
  • Disinfection kills bacteria through the use of disinfectant chemicals. Bleach and alcohol are common disinfectants. Disinfection doesn’t clean a surface.
  • Sanitising simply means reducing the number of bacteria on a surface or object to a safe level. This can be done by cleaning and/or disinfecting.

When you clean and disinfect items and surfaces, you are reducing the risk of spreading harmful bacteria.

How do disinfectants kill bacteria?

Disinfectants use chemicals that destroy microorganisms on surfaces and objects.

Ordinary disinfectants often use high alcohol content to kill germs by breaking down cell proteins. However, they only kill germs when wet and can dry quickly.

How does X-Mist kill bacteria?

X-Mist Room and Vehicle Sanitiser and X-mist Ultimate All Round Sanitiser contain ethanol (alcohol) that kills germs and viruses. X-Mist biocide falls from the alcohol and coats all surfaces killing anything it lands on, continuing to kill germs and viruses on contact and proven to remain active for seven days

X-Mist also uses an aqueous ionising solution that kills viruses and charges the particles so that they can disperse over a wide area, targeting a much larger than a normal disinfectant is capable of. The particles act like tiny magnets all given the same charge and they repel each other. Effectively, they try their hardest not to be near the next particle and this allows a single can to fill a 5 metre by 5 metre room.

We have achieved three BS EN standards, these detail how effectively the product kills bacteria including Legionella, Listeria, MRSA and E. Coli (the ones that cause odours) and viruses, including all Coronaviruses, SARS-CoV-2 and fungi. The fragrance left behind after the treatment is fresh and lets you know an area has been sanitised.

What areas in a workplace need disinfecting?

Frequently touched surfaces

Whether you work in a school, hospital, office or restaurant, you should santise any areas that are regularly touched by your employees, patients, students and customers. This includes:

  • Office equipment such as keyboards, monitors, computer mouses, touch screens
  • Desks, tables, workstations and platforms
  • Door handles, window handles, rails, water fountains and coolers
  • Vehicle handles, seat belts and steering wheels
  • Shared whiteboards and pens
  • Shared taps, kettles, water heaters, fridges, microwaves and cupboards
  • Toilets, sinks, hand driers

Communal areas

Kitchens, waiting rooms, halls and breakout rooms that experience footfall should be regularly cleaned and disinfected. Colleagues, students, customers and patients should also have access to hand sanitisers.


In order to stop the spread of harmful bacteria, bathrooms and toilets should be regularly cleaned. Hand soap and sanitisers should be filled and accessible.

What sets X-Mist apart from high street disinfectants?

Standard high street branded antibacterial sprays and cleaning products don’t offer advanced protection. They are designed primarily for domestic use and only last for a few hours.

X-Mist broad-spectrum germicide is formulated to sanitise and deodorise a wide range of rooms and professional spaces, from hospital rooms to offices and classrooms.

A 250ml spray can will cover a five by five-meter room and can be recycled. For fleet management businesses, taxi firms and other travel businesses, we offer vehicle sanitiser and deodoriser.

Ensuring hand and surface sanitiser sprays such as X-Mist hand and all surface sanitiser is readily available for colleagues and customers is another great way to keep people safe.

Order X-Mist disinfectant today

As businesses continue to navigate the ever-changing landscape thanks to COVID-19, disinfection has become a means of prevention to help combat infection, disease and viruses.

To do this, you need a suitable antiseptic disinfectant spray that packs a punch and can last for days, not hours. Speak to one of the experts at X-Mist today, and find out how we can support your business.